Ghana shares same name with one of the most powerful empires in Africa covering most parts of modern Mauritania and Mali.
A great bridge between sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa centuries ago.
However, today’s Ghana is a country with a unique story; a country of sixteen regions, home to the most precious and valuable-gold-abode to ancient and modern pan-Africanism.
More importantly, home to one of the leading lights in Africa, the late Dr. Kwame Nkrumah.
Whenever Ghana is mentioned, nothing comes to mind other than, land of former Kingdom of Dagbon, Ashanti Kingdom of Osei Tutu, Opoku Ware, the Golden Stool, birthplace of Yaa Asantewaa, the woman of unusual courage, a gallant soldier, who with fellow women resisted colonialists, protected both the king Prempeh and the Golden Stool, the symbol of the nation.
Even though, she was captured sent on exile to Seychelles; she left as a true African heroine, moreover, returned home in death as a conqueror of the British Empire.
To this day, Yaa Asantewaa gave Ghana a special place in African history; history, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah and his Convention Peoples Party (CPP) defended until he died.
Yesterday in Gold Coast now Ghana
Like any other African society, Ghana and her entire nationalities in yesterday’s world suffered different abuses from the 15th-century European exploration into South Atlantic.
What started as science of discovery soon turned tears of sorrow with the establishment of Portuguese Gold Coast or Costa do Ouro.
In 1481, King John 11 of Portugal had directed Don Diego d’Azambuja to construct Elmina Castle, a historic landmark structure that would shape trans-Atlantic slave trade for centuries.
Elmina Castle-A Home of no Return; a transient point for trans-Atlantic bound slaves from Africa; a home of weeping, a home of wailing; a torture home of no equal; a home African identity was taken away, replaced with culture of savagery.
Interestingly though, Gold Coast now Ghana changed the lyrics and rhythm with the warrior-freedom fighters of 18th and 19th centuries, from whom the “Big Six”; Ebenezer Ako-Adjei, Edward Akufo-Addo, Joseph Boakye Danquah (the popular Pa Danquah), Kwame Nkrumah, Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey, and William Ofori Atta lighted the Freedom Torch.
They were pillars of United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) and later, Convention Peoples Party (CPP); both parties managed Gold Coast through 1948 riots and disturbances and Gold Coast independence journey from 1951to 1957.
In fact, the next nine years (1948-1957) of political crossfire from Nkrumah and colleagues earned Ghana independence on March 6, 1957, and a republican status on July 1st, 1960.
Welcome to Ghana, the “Land of Gold.”