Brazil is a South American country, which share borders with ten nations. Brazil is the largest country in South America and fifth-largest nation on earth after Russia, Canada, the United States and China. With 8,515,770 square kilometers or 3.288 million square miles and a population of 212,559,417, Brazil belongs to the Group of Ten. With a Gross Domestic Product or GDP of $2.3 trillion, strong industrial capacity, great in agriculture and husbandry, a leader in entertainment, sports, and tourism, Brazil is a great nation with a wonderful and a beautiful tomorrow.
Like all other lands in the north/south Americas, Africa and Australia, and elsewhere; Brazil was tormented by European invasion of 14th century C.E., Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil in 1500 CE., a land, inhabited by hundreds of thousands of natives, which he claimed for Portuguese Empire and its King in Lisbon. Between 1500 and 1808, Brazil was Portuguese colony; in 1815, it became a kingdom, and in 1822, it gained her independence from Portuguese.
However, Brazil’s journey to where it is today has not been a smooth sail. There have been moments of joy and sorrow, ups and downs; period of stability, era of instability; military dictatorship, republicanism/representational democracy, economic boom, economic doom, time of plentiful, era of want.
Regardless, Brazil has pulled through these eras to be one of the fastest-growing economies in the world; more so, a rising power, which combines military strength, industrial might, technological knowhow with nature-endowed human and material resources, to subtly pull the power strings, internationally, without noise or fanfare.
Here Are Things To Know About Brazil
1) Brazil has the largest rainforest on earth known as Amazon; Amazon houses over 100 billion tons of carbon (Earth’s Lung); a home to over 600 mammal species; 1,500 fish species; over 100,000 insects. Being a tropical nation, Brazil parades all kinds of vegetation and topography from Pampas, the flat plate-grassland in the south to densely Amazonian rainforest of West to North. Among its physical features are: Amazon Basin, Tropical rainforest, Pantanal or wetland, Cerrado or savannah, Caatinga, and the Atlantic forest. To cap it up, Brazil has a-7,267- kilometer-stretch of Atlantic coastline, one of the longest in the world.
2). Brazil has the highest number of multi-racial citizens in the world. Since 15th-century European exploration to South American region, Europeans, Africans, natives, Chinese, Arabs, Japanese, Jews and other ethnic nationalities have continued to make Brazil a home. Millions of Africans during slavery were taken to Brazil; these individuals inter-marry among themselves, and their relationship over the centuries has resulted in inter or multi-racial offspring; today, Brazil has more than 60 million citizens with multiple ancestry.
3). Brazilians descended mainly from three ethnic nationalities: Amerindians, Europeans (mostly Portuguese) and Africans.
4) Brazil is a home to the world largest carnival-the Rio Carnival, more than four million people participate every year. The carnival precedes the Lent, which features music, dance, elaborate costume. It is four times bigger than Orange Carnival in the Netherlands.
5). Brazil is the world largest producer of most cash and food crops-among these are-cocoa, cotton, coffee, timber, corn, sugarcane, soybeans, rice, tropical fruits, latex. Because Brazil produces food crops, especially CORN, sugar, potatoes, biomass in excess or in a large quantity, half of the production go into ethanol production. Ethanol is a colorless liquid from alcoholic beverages and biomass, a non-fossil oil used as alternative to power mechanical and industrial equipment and machinery.
6) While United States has the largest fleet of commercial helicopters in the world 9,348 in 2019, Sao Paulo is, by far, has the highest number of flown helicopters in the world. Sao Paulo has 500 helicopters, and it performs more than 700 flights in a day higher than any city in the world. Sao Paulo-the City of Helicopter.
7) Brazil has the world largest beaches- as at 2019, it has 24,604 beaches along the Atlantic coastline from north to south, spanning over 2,800 miles.
8) A nation of soccer, since 1894, when Thomas Donohoe, a Scottish expatriate, introduced football to Brazil, the nation has been a NATION OF SOCCER. Football is the most popular sport in Brazil, in fact, football is a religion in Brazil, and it competes with Roman Catholic. And no nation under the sun has impacted football more than Brazil with these great soccer masters: King Pele, Ronaldo, Garrincha, Zico, Ronaldinho, Romario, Cafu, Jairzinho, Socrates, Gerson, Roberto Carlos, Rivaldo, and Kaka. Brazil has won the FIFA world cup tournament five times, with no nation equal the feat. At present, they’re 2.1 million registered players in Brazil, 28,208 clubs, 27 competitions.
Let’s all welcome Brazil, the great nation of South America.